Measures for Early Detection of Breast Cancer
Besides improvement in therapy, the foremost measure that has improved results in the management of this disease is early diagnosis. In countries where the screening programmes are widely practiced, this has become the commonest means to identify a cancer in the breast at an early stage. This has been one of the major causes of the high cure rates achieved.
There are three screening techniques to detect Breast Cancer:
- Periodic Breast Self Examination over the age of 20
- Annual Mammography after of the age of 50 unless there are other risk factors
- Annual Clinical Breast Tissue Examination
The most common presentation of Breast Cancer is a lump in the breast, and the women must be taught how to feel for a lump in their breast. This should be as much a part of their self-care as a pedicure, hair-dressing or a facial. Breast self Examination (BSE) as the name suggests is examination of ones own breasts. This involves detecting lumps, changes in skin or nipple, and presence of nipple discharge.
The important fact to remember is that breast cancers diagnosed early have an over 80% chance of cure. Thus all efforts have to be made for an early diagnosis.
This should be learned and regularly practiced once a month, a week after the periods. A video the describes the proper technique of Breast Self-Examination (which includes looking or inspecting your breast and feeling your breast) can be seen above.
As the film would show, this practice will lead to detection of changes much earlier. The Film also seeks to enforce the need to seek medical advice as soon as changes are detected. Breast self examination can be carried out in the calm ambience of ones home at ones convenience. However every woman has to learn how to do this properly and correctly.
The video teaches the lay women how to conduct a breast self examination. It shows an Indian women carrying out a breast self examination and serves as a guide to a step-by-step process.