What should you know about depression ?

What is depression?

Depression is considered a disorder of the mind. It can be defined as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with one’s daily activities.

It’s also normal. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source estimates that 8.1 percent of American adults aged 20 and over had depression at any given two-week period from 2013 to 2016.

People deal with depression in a variety of ways. It can disrupt your daily work, resulting in lost time and lower productivity. It can also affect relationships with other chronic conditions.

Possible side effects of depression include:

Cardiovascular disease

It is important to note that feeling down at times is a normal part of life. Sad and annoying events happen to everyone. However, if you always feel down or hopeless, you may find yourself feeling down.

Depression is considered a serious health condition that can be serious without proper treatment. Those seeking treatment often notice improvement in symptoms within just a few weeks.


Symptoms of depression

Depression can be more than an ongoing feeling of sadness or a “blue light.”

Depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Some affect your emotions, while others affect your body. Symptoms may also persist, or even pass.

Symptoms of depression can be found differently among men, women and children separately.

Men may experience symptoms related to their own:

emotions, such as anger, anger, resentment, anxiety, restlessness
emotional well-being, such as feeling worthless, sad, hopeless
behavior, such as loss of interest, loss of pleasure, hobbies, suicidal thoughts, alcohol abuse, drug use, high-risk activities
sexual interest, such as decreased sexual desire, sexual dysfunction
cognitive skills, such as poor concentration, difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during discussions
sleep patterns, such as sleep, restless sleep, excessive sleep, sleepless nights
physical well-being, such as fatigue, pain, headaches, digestive problems

Women may experience symptoms related to their own:

emotions, such as irritability
emotional well-being, such as feeling sad or empty, anxious or hopeless
behavior, such as loss of interest in careers, withdrawal from social participation, suicidal thoughts
cognitive skills, such as thinking or speaking slowly
sleep patterns, such as difficulty sleeping through the night, waking up too early, sleeping too much
physical well-being, such as weight loss, extreme fatigue, changes in diet, weight change, pain, pain, headache, weight gain

Children may experience symptoms similar to their own:

condition, such as irritability, anger, mood swings, crying
emotional well-being, such as feelings of inadequacy (e.g. “I can’t do anything right”) or despair, crying, intense sadness
behavior, such as getting into trouble at school or refusing to go to school, avoiding friends or siblings, thoughts of death or suicide
cognitive skills, such as difficulty concentrating, decreased school performance, changes in grades
sleep patterns, such as difficulty sleeping or excessive sleep
physical well-being, such as weight loss, digestive problems, changes in appetite, weight loss or weight gain
Symptoms may pass beyond your mind.

These seven physical symptoms of depression prove that depression is not just in your head.

Causes of depression-

There are a number of causes for depression. They can range from living to living conditions.

Common causes include:

Family history. You are at greater risk for depression if you have a history of family depression or other mental illness.
Childhood trauma. Some events affect the way your body responds to shocking and depressing actions.
Brain structure. There is a high risk of depression if the frontal lobe of your brain is not functioning properly. However, scientists do not know that this happens before or after the onset of symptoms.

Medical conditions. Certain conditions can put you at greater risk, such as chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Drug use. A history of drug and alcohol abuse can affect your risk.
About 21 percent of people with substance abuse problems also suffer from depression. In addition to these causes, other risk factors for depression include:

self-doubt or self-criticism
your mental health history
certain medications
stressful events, such as the loss of a loved one, economic hardship, or divorce
Many factors can affect feelings of depression, as well as who is exacerbating the condition and who is not.

Causes of depression are often linked to other aspects of your life.

However, in human cases, health care providers are unable to determine what is causing the depression. Depression test
There is no single stress test. However your healthcare provider can make a diagnosis based on your symptoms and psychiatric tests.

In most cases, they will ask a series of questions about:

Sleep pattern
Level of activity

Because depression can be linked to other health problems, your healthcare provider can also take a physical exam and order blood work. Sometimes thyroid problems or vitamin D deficiency can cause symptoms of depression.

Ignore symptoms of depression. If your symptoms do not improve or worsen, seek medical help. Depression is a serious mental illness that can have serious consequences.

If left untreated, problems can include:

Weight gain or weight loss
Physical pain
Drug use problems
Relationship problems
Social isolation
Suicidal thoughts


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